To think seriously about the jobs of the future requires us to take a step back from the hyperbolic figures often seen in forecasts in this field.
It is through transformation and gradual development that professions emerge.
Three emerging areas stand out today: we can observe the appearance of new requirements that already exist as job functions and are in the process of giving rise to new occupations.
The first emerging area is the need to develop robots, algorithms, and AI to refine their interactions with humans.
The second area involves the ecological transitions, where jobs in the design and management of buildings, cities, vehicle fleets and natural or agricultural areas are flourishing.
A third emerging area concerns confidentiality, cybersecurity, and the ethical quality of technical devices or their relations with, today, humans, and tomorrow the natural world, starting with animals.
Web3 decentralises organisational power: anyone can create an ecosystem around a subject and organise people around it.
Digital communities take the form of DAOs (decentralized autonomous organizations), which mobilize contributors through smart contracts.
In this new version of project-based management, recruitment disappears, remuneration is a collective matter, and all decisions are audited.
The main functions of management (organisation, governance, management) do not disappear but are detached from the figure of the “manager” to be reconfigured and replayed in a different way.
Journalist and Author
Editor of Telos and author, Richard Robert teaches at Sciences Po. He directed the Paris Innovation Review from 2012 to 2018. Latest books: Le Social et le Politique (dir., with Guy Groux and Martial Foucault), CNRS éditions, 2020, La Valse européenne (with Élie Cohen), Fayard, published in March 2021.